Hyperthyroid During Pregnancy: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Hyperthyroid during pregnancy is not so unusual, but hyperthyroidism can spell trouble for pregnant women. It refers to problems resulting from a glut of thyroid hormone, which is produced by this gland. Hyperthyroid and graves disease are related. Graves disease is the name given to the illness which is autoimmune dysfunction that afflicts your body’s thyroid gland. A diagnosis is easier as the individual’s hyperthyroid TSH level is usually on the higher side. This is the thyroid stimulator, known simply as thyroid-stimulating hormone. Thus, blood tests are frequently used in the...

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...detection of thyroid issues like hyperthyroid.

Predominantly those checking TSH levels are used to identifying the symptoms associated with pregnancy owing to hypothyroidism. Neonatal hyperthyroidism is a possibility.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroid During Pregnancy

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism can masquerade as the regular symptoms which are associated with the routine hypermetabolic situation of pregnancy. It can be as vague as an inability to concentrate along with emotional problems. You could experiences tremors along with nervousness. A thicker neck is often observed, symptomatic of an enlarged thyroid. Proximal muscle weakness is yet another danger sign. This could manifest itself as trouble when you try to climb stairs. Other symptoms include wide pulse pressure and a distinctive stare.

Causes of Hyperthyroid During Pregnancy

The precise causes and defects that lead to hyperthyroid during pregnancy are largely unidentified. In general, this condition is usually related to Graves' disease as well as nodular thyroid disease.

Treatment of Hyperthyroid During Pregnancy

For hyperthyroidism, radioactive iodine is one of the most common and effective courses of treatment. However, this should never be used on pregnant women. This is because of possible harm to the thyroid gland of the child the woman is carrying. Treatment of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy has to follow another path, but it has to be controlled. The risks associated with not treating this illness can be as great as miscarriage or birth defects. For pregnant women, there are antithyroid medications. The beneficial effects of such antithyroid medication can be felt in a matter of weeks. As far as drugs go, propylthiouracil (PTU) is usually a safe bet. Also used are beta blockers for hyperthyroid problems. However, if pregnant, it isn’t advisable to take such beta blockers for too long. Surgical removal of this dysfunctional gland may be in order if you are pregnant and can’t handle the medication. Because of treatment is such a delicate matter, if you are planning to have a child, do try to get that thyroid disorder fixed prior to conceiving.

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Hyperthyroid During Pregnancy
Hyperthyroid During Pregnancy
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