Hypothyroidism During Pregnancy

Hypothyroism during pregnancy is a very common occurrence and can significantly complicate the course of a pregnancy. In order to completely understand the effects that a malfunctioning thyroid gland can have on pregnant women, we must first understand the role it plays in the human anatomy.

Effects of Hypothyroism during pregnancy

The thyroid gland is a small gland located in the front of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. It creates the body’s thyroid hormone and is the only gland in the body to absorb iodine.


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It is said to malfunction if it does not provide the body with the correct amount of thyroid hormone – either creating too much or too little. If it creates too much of the substance, the condition is known as hyperthyroidism and the individual may complain of significant restlessness and being hot and sweaty along with being emotionally hyperactive. Weight loss and diarrhea are also common. The other end of the spectrum, hypothyroidism, is the condition where too little thyroid hormone is created by the gland. Some of the main symptoms include lethargy, fatigue, weight gain, constipation and a feeling of being extremely cold.

Risks Involved in Hypothyroism During Pregnancy

Studies have shown that women suffering from hypothyroidism during a pregnancy have a four times greater risk of miscarriage during the second trimester. The statistics also show that women that suffer the condition during pregnancy have a 3.8% risk of a late miscarriage when compared to women that have normal thyroid function.

In most cases, where a person is suffering from a malfunction of the thyroid gland (whether at the time of being pregnant or not) the condition remains undetected as the lack of any significant symptoms. While almost 20 million American’s suffer from thyroid malfunction, almost half of them are unaware of the same.

How To Control Hypothyroism During Pregnancy

The best way to control the effects the condition can have on your daily routine and, in this case, pregnancy, is to keep a close eye on the kinds of food you consume. In order to cleanse your system you could have a fresh fruit diet for about 5 days before moving on to a milk and fruit diet for the next 3 days and continue to follow a balanced diet thereafter. Rest is a very important part of the recovery process and the patient should lie in bed for the whole day at least once every week for the first 2 months after being diagnosed. Avoid foods that have too much grease as well as tea, coffee and sugar. Make sure that you consult your doctor before you go on any kind of diet.

Hypothyroid During Pregnancy
Hypothyroid During Pregnancy
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