Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Causes & Risks

DVT during pregnancy also referred to as deep vein thrombosis sometimes affects pregnant women, but has a relatively low incidence among pregnant women. If the condition is left untreated, DVT is likely to lead to pulmonary embolism which is the most common cause of maternal deaths. It is believed that pregnancy in itself is a major risk factor of developing or predisposing a woman to develop DVT.

Medical health experts are of the opinion that the incidence of DVT is five times higher among pregnant women than in non pregnant females. Other risk factors for DVT during pregnancy include obesity, prolonged immobility and thrombophilias.


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Risks of DVT Infection during pregnancy

The probabilities of becoming infected given the risk factors present in women who develop DVT during pregnancy are cumulative. Although thrombosis can affect anybody, being pregnant makes the blood more likely to clot. Doctors are of the belief that the changes in blood clotting can help in reducing bleeding at the time of normal delivery. In pregnancy, there is a drastic reduction of the speed of blood flowing in the veins of a pregnant mother, which carries the blood from the legs back to the heart. Doctors are of the opinion that the effect of the pregnancy hormones on the veins as well as the size of the womb increasing enhances the risk of DVT. Usual DVT pregnancy symptoms include swelling of the legs, pain and tenderness on the swellings and possible discoloration of the swellings. It is important to consult your obstetrician or gynecologist immediately if you notice any of the symptoms.

DVT Treatment during Pregnancy

DVT treatment in pregnancy is usually dependent on the results of the ultrasound scan of the leg. The treatment of DVT during pregnancy is similar to the treatment that non pregnant individuals under go for the same condition. Anticoagulants are usually administered to the patient that helps in thinning the blood and preventing the blood clot from getting bigger. This particular form of treatment gives the body enough time to gradually dissolve the clot on its own. Special kind of clothing known as compression stockings that are especially designed to introduce the flow of blood and reduce the swelling in the legs are often prescribed in treating DVT. These special stockings also referred to as graduated elastic compression stockings help the swelling to reduce and further prevent the risk of complications associated with varicose veins.In some cases, pregnant women who have a number of risk factors may require treatment to prevent thrombosis immediately after a normal delivery or sometimes even during the pregnancy.

DVT During Pregnancy
DVT During Pregnancy
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