Pelvic Discomfort During Pregnancy

Most instances of pelvic discomfort during pregnancy are harmless. It is quite natural to experience some amount of pelvic and abdominal pain as the baby develops and grows inside the uterus. Pelvic discomfort in early pregnancy occurs when the embryo attaches itself into the uterine lining. In the third or fourth month, there may also be a sharp pain in the groin area. This may come and go in brief intervals and may become aggravated when you stand up or move.

The pain may then subside completely after some days, such pain can be worrying, but it is generally not a cause for concern as it occurs due to the stretching and thickening of the uterus muscles in order to support the growing baby.

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Reasons for Pelvic Pain in Early Pregnancy

Abdominal pains can also occur due to constipation and flatulence which are a common occurrence during pregnancy. The pressure and bloating may cause discomfort in the lower abdominal and pelvic region. The increasing amount of pressure being exerted on the rectum as a result of the developing baby results in constipation. In addition, the release of hormones that slow down passage of food through the digestive tract also contribute to wind and bloating. The enlargement of the uterus also increases pressure on the intestines and this can lead to gas formation and flatulence.  During the later stages of pregnancy, the contractions which occur may also result in some amount of pelvic pain. These are known as Braxton-Hicks contractions and they result from the tightening of the uterus. They are triggered when the baby moves inside the uterus or when the stomach is touched. However, if the pelvic discomfort and contractions become too painful or frequent, medical consultation is recommended.

Conditions for Pelvic Discomfort During Pregnancy

Aches and pains in the pelvic region are experienced by most pregnant women. However, some women suffer from symphysis pubis dysfunction or SPD which is characterized by pain in the pelvic joints. A hormone known as relaxin is produced during pregnancy, which serves to soften the pelvic joints in preparation for the baby’s birth. Those with pelvic joint problems experience increased stretching and softening of the pelvic ligaments as a result of relaxin. Excessive stretching results in pain in the pelvic area. The symptoms of SPD are pain in the lower back, hip, groin and pubic region. A pregnant mother may also experience difficulty in walking or moving her legs, clicking sounds during leg or hip movements, and a sensation of the bones grinding against each other. If such symptoms are experienced, it is advisable to consult your doctor, who will then refer you to an obstetric physiotherapist.

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Pelvic Discomfort In Pregnancy
Pelvic Discomfort During Pregnancy
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