Signs of Mono In Toddlers & Remedies
Toddler Mononucleosis or mono is mostly caused by the Epstein-Barr virus or EBV. EBV is a type of herpes virus and is associated with specific cancers in China and Africa as it causes infectious mononucleosis. However, other viruses too may cause mono. Once affected by this virus, the body develops immunity to it and chances of contracting mono again are very rare. However, the virus remains part of the person's body for the rest of his or her life and he or she could infect others with the virus at any time. Children and especially toddlers may pick up this virus while playing with other children affected by the virus. A lot of toddlers like to put things into their mouth...
Pregnancy And Baby Care Questions
... this too is another easy way in which toddlers are exposed to the virus. Sharing utensils with an infected person or being in the path of a person infected by mono when he or she sneezes are other ways in which mono is spread. Mono mostly affects teenagers and that's why it is often also known as the "kissing virus".
Symptoms of Mononucleosis in Toddlers
For children, symptoms include fever, a feeling of tiredness, loss of appetite, skin rashes, etc. Some children may also develop swollen lymph nodes and an enlarged spleen, which are detected only after a thorough physical examination. Symptoms are usually noticeable four weeks after contracting the virus. However, most toddlers will remain asymptomatic, displaying little or no symptoms at all. Mononucleosis in toddler can be detected by looking at peripheral blood smear samples and examining them for any increase in atypical lymphocytes. Doctors will not normally test a toddler for mono unless convinced that the child was exposed to the virus.
Treatment for Mononucleosis in Toddlers
There is no treatment for mononucleosis in toddlers, because this virus does not react to any antibiotics. However, the toddler should be made to feel comfortable, given plenty of rest, fluids and fever reducing medications. Prevention is often the best care for eliminating this virus. Teach children to avoid sharing cups and utensils with others and also maintain good hygiene and hand washing habits. Don't allow the child to lift heavy objects or play too much, because mono causes the spleen to swell. There is a risk of rupture if the child receives a blow while playing. Recovery from mononucleosis in a toddler takes months, but is important to avoid complications from occurring, such as: liver inflammation, jaundice, and swollen tonsils. In rare cases mono can affect other organs such as the central nervous system or the heart.