All You Need to Know About Miscarriage with IUD

IUD or intra uterine device is a small object that is inserted into the uterus through the cervix to prevent a woman from becoming pregnant. Once the IUD is inserted a small string hangs down from it in the upper part of the vagina

The device is not visible during intercourse and can last anywhere between one and ten years. An IUD changes the lining of the uterus as well as fallopian tube thereby affecting the movements of the sperm and eggs. This prevents the eggs from being fertilized. IUDs are considered 99.9 percent effective birth control.

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However, these can't prevent a woman from contracting sexually transmitted diseases.

IUD Pregnancy

Even though an IUD is highly effective, there is the rare situation when a woman can get pregnant despite it.

If you have an IUD and have missed a period, it is likely you are pregnant and should take a test. If the test is positive, you should consult your doctor and remove the IUD as soon as possible.

Removing an IUD is a lot easier and less painful than inserting it. It is hardly a matter of 10 or 15 minutes. If you are pregnant despite using an IUD, you have to get it removed, whether or not you intend going through with the baby. An IUD does increase the risk of a premature birth and even miscarriage.

If you get pregnant while using an IUD, it is quite likely that you might have an ectopic pregnancy, i.e. the fertilized egg grows outside the uterus. Ectopic pregnancies, as most are aware, cannot be rectified. There is no way to transfer the egg into the uterus and the fetus will have to be aborted.

Miscarriage with IUD

As mentioned above, an IUD can changes the uterus and fallopian linings, so getting pregnant is rare and even when it does, while the IUD is still present, the pregnancy will mostly be ectopic leading to a miscarriage. If a woman does not remove the IUD, then her pregnancy won't complete its term.

Miscarriage After IUD Removal

Most often once pregnancy is detected and the IUD is removed, with careful monitoring, a woman can complete her pregnancy term and deliver a healthy baby, but there are certain cases, when despite the removal of the IUD, the woman miscarries. This can happen if a pregnancy test wasn't taken soon after a period was missed, or perhaps the pregnancy was ectopic. The longer the IUD remains in the uterus after an egg is fertilized the more detrimental it will be for the pregnancy.

In fact, according to statistics, if pregnancy occurs and the IUD is removed on the same day as the test confirms pregnancy, the spontaneous abortion, i.e. miscarriage rate in such cases is about twenty five percent.

In cases, where the IUD is not removed, the miscarriage rate is as high as fifty percent and many of those miscarriages are mid-trimester septic losses and can have several health complications for the mother, including an increased risk of infertility.

In short, if a woman gets pregnant despite using an IUD, she needs to act immediately, to ensure no harm comes to her as well as her baby.

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