Causes and Symptoms of Miscarriage at 6 Months

Miscarriage, also called spontaneous abortion, is the natural or unplanned termination of pregnancy, which happens due to several reasons. Most miscarriages happen in the first trimester of confirmed pregnancies. Very often, a lot of women do not even realize that they are pregnant in the first three months and end up having a miscarriage because of inadequate care they take of themselves and the unborn baby. If a woman loses her baby in the first three months, it is usually because the baby has chromosomal abnormalities. But, a miscarriage after the first trimester is usually...

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...caused because the placenta is underdeveloped or the cervix is weak and opens too early. While the chances of miscarriage at 6 months are very low, there are several women who have been through this traumatic experience even at this stage of their pregnancy. Studies indicate that once you cross the 12th week of pregnancy and enter the 2nd trimester, your risks of a miscarriage are as low as 1%. However, there are certain complications that could cause you to go through pregnancy loss at 6 months too. This is why it is important for you to be aware of what the different signs of miscarriage at 6 months are.

What are the signs of miscarriage at 6 months?

In case you have a miscarriage at 6 months pregnant you may probably notice heavy bleeding, which is quite similar to a heavy menstrual flow. You are also likely to face the problem of severe abdominal cramping or perhaps even contractions. The severity of the cramps and contractions could be strong enough to make you believe that you are going into premature labor. Some of the other signs of miscarriage at 6 months may include:

  • Vaginal discharge, which is pinkish or brownish in color
  • Intense pain in the lower back
  • Tightness and bloating sensation in the stomach
  • Passage of large blood clots or tissue from the vagina
  • Sever pain in the shoulders, caused by internal bleeding

There are times when women go through a miscarriage, without realizing it, because none of the signs and symptoms is evident. They only realize that the baby does not have a heartbeat, when they go to the doctor, for a routine prenatal checkup. However, even if the signs of miscarriage at 6 months are absent, there are other warning signs that can let you know there is a problem. By the sixth month, you should be able to feel fetal movements at regular intervals during the day. The absence of these fetal movements or other pregnancy symptoms that you normally experience is indicative of a miscarriage.

At times, you may experience slight vaginal bleeding, spotting, discharge or abdominal cramps during the sixth month of pregnancy. This is not necessary a sign of miscarriage, but it definitely means that something is wrong and needs to be checked by a doctor. In such cases, you should waste no time in going through a physical exam. Your doctor will determine if you have had a miscarriage or not. In case there is any way to avert a possible miscarriage, your doctor will be able to guide you appropriately. You may be asked to take complete bed rest and follow the recommended diet for the next few weeks, till the danger passes. Unfortunately, not all possible miscarriages can be averted, in spite of following preventative steps.

Miscarriage at 6 Months Symptoms

The symptoms of a miscarriage at 6 months include light to heavy vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain and cramps, weakness, fever, vomiting and back pain. The pain that a 6 month miscarriage causes is as severe as labor pain. So, if a woman experiences these symptoms, she must seek medical help as soon as possible. The most common causes of a miscarriage are infection, congenital heart disease, severe malnutrition, hormonal problems, and hazardous factors like exposure to toxic agents or a high level of radiation. There are more reasons like uterine abnormalities, cervix opening too early, diabetes or kidney diseases, thyroid problem, and smoking, consumption of alcohol or illegal drugs that also cause miscarriages.

What are the causes of miscarriage at 6 months?

Though a miscarriage at 6 months pregnant is not very common, there are several factors that could lead to it. Given below are some of the most common causes of miscarriage at 6 months:

  • Abnormalities in the structure of the uterus, or the presence of uterine fibroids
  • Bacterial infections, viral infections or sexually transmitted diseases
  • Cervical problems, like a weak or thin cervix
  • Hormonal imbalances, where the body produces too much or too little of a certain hormone
  • Medical conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disorders and so on
  • Poor diet or nutritional deficiencies, because of which the baby cannot grow properly
  • Prenatal tests such as chorionic villus sampling and the amniocentesis tests
  • Problems with the placenta, such as separation, infections or a condition known as placental previa
  • Unhealthy practices like consuming excessive alcohol, smoking cigarettes or the use of illegal drugs during pregnancy

Unfortunately, your doctor may not always be able to determine the reason for miscarriage at 6 months.

The loss of a pregnancy after the 20th week is not referred to as a miscarriage; it is a stillbirth. This is because the baby will have developed completely by the sixth month and you will need to go through the entire birthing procedure, which also includes induced labor. Therefore, you have not had a miscarriage, but rather a stillbirth at 6 months.

A miscarriage or a stillbirth is one of the most traumatic, painful and devastating experiences of a woman's life. While your body will recover completely within a few months, the emotional damage may be more difficult to get over. You may be advised to seek professional help so that you can get over the experience and move on. There is no reason why you should not try to have another baby, once you are physically, mentally and emotionally ready for it. However, to reduce the risks of a repeat miscarriage or stillbirth, make it a point to go through a complete physical checkup before getting pregnant again. This will allow your doctor to treat any major problem you are suffering from, to reduce the chances of any major complications.

Miscarriage Conditions

No matter what the cause, if the expectant mother has a miscarriage after 6 months or more than that, she will feel a tremendous sense of loss. She will experience frustration, guilt, anger, and disappointment. The mother who has had the loss needs to be relaxed and keep in mind that it's not her fault. Often, a miscarriage also makes them wary of trying for a baby the next time. To prevent a miscarriage in the later period of pregnancy, a woman needs to be careful about a lot of things for the well being of the baby. Dietary precautions like not consuming foods that can aggravate heat in the body, like papaya, pineapple, prawns, crabs, shellfish, lobsters, to name a few must be avoided as much as possible. Junk food must also be strictly avoided. Strenuous exercise, tobacco, alcohol, and antibiotics must also be kept as far away as possible. Consuming a mix of asafetida and water once everyday reduces the risk of a miscarriage. The expectant mother can also consume fruits like oranges, watermelon, apples, and a decoction of black gram and water regularly to prevent a miscarriage.

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