What Are The Reasons For Tuberculosis in Toddlers & It's Treatment
Tuberculosis is one of the most deadly diseases that can occur in the human race and for a long period of time was a fatal killer. The disease is spread by droplet infection and takes root in the lungs. It destroys lung tissue and if one is able to survive it, could end up with calcified tissue that will still harbor the bacteria. There are drugs available to treat the condition since it is a bacterial infection but along with medication comes a long period of recovery that could last months. Toddler tuberculosis, in that respect, is one of the most dangerous health conditions ...
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... and requires a strict regime of antibiotics and rest. If not treated, the disease can also spread to other parts of the body and destroy tissue of the body in much the same way as the lung.
Causes of Tuberculosis in Toddlers
TB in toddlers is caused by a strain of bacterium called mycobacterium. The infection takes some time to gain a foothold but in time will swamp and destroy lung tissue. This is the reason for shortness of breath and blood stained sputum exuding during a bout of coughing. The bacteria are so powerful that the body's immune system actually cannot survive the infection without some aid. The worst part about this disease is the calcification of tissue that occurs as a result of the infection. The dead tissue of the lungs due to tissue necrosis form a major reservoir of the bacteria and it is because of this reservoir of bacteria that the treatment of toddler TB takes so long. The objective of treatment is to completely eliminate all mycobacterium from the body. The two antibiotics that are preferred in the treatment of tuberculosis in toddlers are isoniazid and rifampicin. These are used in conjunction with other antibiotics as well, especially in the case of drug resistant tuberculosis.
Treatment for Tuberculosis in Toddlers
Drug resistance is a major problem in the disease and it is caused, in most cases, because of not religiously following the treatment regimen prescribed. The major causative factor is that the drugs in question are quite expensive and at least in the developing world is a major reason for bacterial resistance to the disease. It is important that you keep children away from diseased individuals to prevent infection. Additionally, never take the common flu to lightly either. This is because TB can follow on from a flu infection as well by weakening the immune system.