Treating Fifth Disease In Toddlers At Home
Fifth disease is one of the five most contagious skin rashes that children between the ages of 5 and 15 commonly suffer from. The infection is caused by a virus called Parvovirus B19, which is transmitted through the droplets of mucus that one expels while coughing, sneezing and breathing. The virus takes 4 to 14 days to incubate, during which period it is infectious, and then causes the skin rashes to appear. Once the rashes have appeared, the virus ceases to be infectious. Fifth disease in toddlers is also known as toddle slapped cheeks, as the rashes make the area around the mouth quite pale and the cheeks markedly red, giving the impression that they have been slapped.
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In a few days, the rashes spread to the upper arms, legs and the trunk. The child may also suffer from mild fever and joint aches that may take several weeks even after the disappearance of the rashes to get cured completely. Exposure to direct sunlight and heat and excessive physical strain can intensify the symptoms.
Home Remedies for Fifth Disease in Toddlers
There are a few simple home remedies that you may find useful in relieving the symptoms of fifth disease. In order to reduce the body temperature, you should soak a wad of cotton in cold water and apply it over the child's forehead. It is also advisable that you make him/her wear loose-fitting cotton garments in order to minimize the friction between the skin and clothes. The child must be allowed to rest adequately in a cool, well ventilated room. Do not wrap up the child in blankets as this may worsen the condition. The child should also be made to drink plenty of fluids and homemade fruit juices in order to replenish the water lost from the body in this condition.
You should also clip the child's nails and warn him/her against scratching the rashes with bare fingers, as this might cause the infection to spread. An effective natural way of reducing the itching is to tie up a handful of raw oatmeal powder in a piece of cloth and holding it in a kettle of boiling water till it becomes soft and then massaging the affected areas on the sin gently with it while bathing the child in lukewarm water. Following this, you should pat the skin dry with a soft cotton towel and apply calamine lotion on the skin. This soothes the inflamed skin and keeps it naturally soft and moisturized, thereby lessening the irritation and the urge to scratch the rashes.