Pregnancy Diet and Nutrition
Submitted by Nick on January 17, 2012
While pregnant, a woman has to pay special attention to her lifestyle since her decisions directly influence the well being of the child developing within her womb. Pregnancy diet and nutrition is essential since the baby derives all its nutrition from the food consumed by the mother.
An ideal pregnancy diet comprises of a healthy balance of water, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals. Water prevents dehydration, reduces instances of water retention, urinary tract infections and constipation,...
Pregnancy And Baby Care Questions
...while keeping the skin supple. Since an expectant mother's digestive system becomes sluggish owing to the hormonal changes occurring in her body, she must opt for a dietary option that is easy to digest as well as nutritious. Fruits and vegetables are the best known source of a variety of nutrients. They are light and easier to digest than meats and are highly recommended when the expectant mother suffers from constipation or indigestion. They assist is boosting the immune system as well as prevent irregular bowel movement since they provide the body with a good deal of roughage. Salads make an excellent snack instead of junk food. Citrus fruit juices are especially beneficial as they help in preventing infection. Fish and flax seeds are rich in omega 3 fatty acids that aid brain development and brain functioning. Lean meats and poultry boost the production of blood and promote cell growth.
Folic acid, iron and calcium are absolutely essential for the proper development of the baby. Folic acid reduces the chances of congenital defects in the baby. Green leafy vegetables, nuts and yellow colored fruits and vegetables are good sources of folic acid but may not be sufficient to meet the requirements of the baby. Hence, supplements become essential. Calcium is needed for muscle contraction, efficient nerve functioning, strong bones and strong teeth. Since a baby needs a large amount of calcium, prescribed supplements may become essential so as to ensure that the mother does not suffer from calcium deficiency while providing for the needs of her baby. Iron is an essential component of blood that carries oxygen to the developing baby. It is also essential as the baby needs to build up its own iron reserves. In addition, iron is known to reduce fatigue, depression and irritability in the expectant mother. Foods with large sugar content must be avoided so as to reduce the chances of diabetes. Consulting a doctor with regard to a pregnancy diet plan is advisable, especially in the case of expectant mother who are obese or underweight. In addition to diet during pregnancy, exercise and sufficient rest plays also play a vital role in the success of the pregnancy.
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