Pregnancy Complications in Second Trimester

Submitted by Pregnancy and Baby Care team on January 27, 2012

You may heave a sigh of relief the moment you hit the thirteenth week of your pregnancy. However, the joy ride doesn't end here. The first trimester of pregnancy is not the only period that has pregnancy complications. Even the second trimester also carries potential complications. Here are some common pregnancy complications that may happen in the second trimester of pregnancy.

Miscarriage

The first and most important one is that of a miscarriage.

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Though it is believed that the risk of a miscarriage reduces with each passing day, the possibility of miscarriage cannot be entirely discounted until you complete all the three trimesters and the baby is all set to be delivered. Miscarriages in the second trimester may happen if the baby is suffering from any kind of abnormalities or if you are suffering from some kind of infection, for example, like a vaginal infection. Even any abnormality in the uterus or placenta can cause a miscarriage.


Incompetent Cervix

The second complication that may happen in the second trimester is that of an incompetent cervix of your uterus. An incompetent cervix indicates a weak uterus and this is known when the cervix is softer than usual. Hence, as the baby grows in size, there is too much pressure on the cervix. As a result the cervix dilates and a pre-term delivery or a miscarriage is likely to happen. When a woman suffers from an incompetent cervix, she may be put on bed rest to avoid such a scenario.

Placental Abruption

Placental abruption is yet another pregnancy complication that you may encounter in the second trimester. When the placenta separates from the uterus well before it should, it is called a placental abruption. This is more common in mothers who indulge in smoking and drinking during pregnancy. Placental abruption is tackled by stitching the cervix or mouth of your uterus to avoid a miscarriage. If the separation is severe then a miscarriage is likely to happen. Hence, bed rest is a must in such a scenario.

Even as you reach the second trimester, you need to be careful in whatever you do and notify your doctor if you suspect anything unusual with your pregnancy. Pregnancy complications can be serious and can pose a threat to both you and your baby's life. Make sure that you take your medicines properly and follow the guidelines of your doctor to have a happy pregnancy.

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