Pregnancy Complications In First Trimester

Submitted by Pregnancy and Baby Care team on January 27, 2012

Congratulations on having conceived! Most pregnancies are generally healthy; however, there may be some that may have some complications. You need to identify the signs and alert your doctor immediately the moment you notice any of these. It is important to observe good prenatal care in order to make sure that you address these complications before it is too late.


Bleeding or spotting generally occurs in the first trimester.


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Bleeding or spotting generally occurs in the first trimester. It is not considered a major complication as this happens when the fertilized egg burrows itself in the uterus wall. It stops after a day or two.

However, if the bleeding gets heavier and does not stop soon then you need to alert your doctor as this can be a sign of a probable miscarriage. The bleeding can also be caused if you are suffering from a vaginal infection or infection of the cervix. In such a scenario you need to get the infection treated to make sure that the bleeding stops.

Severe Vomiting

Morning sickness and nausea is common in the first trimester. However, if you suffer from severe vomiting, it is considered as one of the pregnancy complications. Morning sickness and nausea happen due to the hormonal changes in your body. However, when vomiting gets severe and frequent, you may become very weak and this can lead to a miscarriage.

Spontaneous Abortion

This is yet another pregnancy complication. This happens if the egg gets implanted outside the uterine cavity or if you are suffering from ectopic pregnancy. If the miscarriage happens before you complete 28 weeks of pregnancy, it is known as a spontaneous abortion by your body.

Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectipic Pregnancy is another pregnancy complication, although it is not as common as the others. You are said to have an ectopic pregnancy when the fertilized egg implants itself outside the uterine cavity, for example in the fallopian tubes, and so on. This can lead to a probable miscarriage and can also pose a threat to your life.


Preeclampsia or high blood pressure in the first trimester can complicate the pregnancy by causing swollen feet and hands. As a result your body will start storing fluids and can, in severe cases, lead to kidney failure and miscarriage

Gestational Diabetes

Pregnancy induced diabetes can happen due to an increase in the insulin levels of your body. This can increase the risk of suffering from a miscarriage and lead to excessive weight gain.

In case you observe any of the above symptoms make sure you address them at the right time and inform your doctor accordingly to make sure that everything goes okay.

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