From the time your baby begins teething, it’s very necessary to keep checking your baby’s mouth to see if he/she is suffering from any infection or rashes. And if you do spot your toddler with a rash around the mouth, do not be alarmed as this is a common occurrence at this age.
Gum disease like gingivitis or periodontis - This is caused by poor dental hygiene.
Symptoms: You might notice that your toddler’s gums are red and swollen and that they bleed when he brushes his teeth.
Treatment: Take the child to the dentist for treatment. This can however be prevented by ensuring your toddler brushes his teeth regularly, eats a healthy diet and has regular dental check-upsImpetigo – This is a contagious skin infection.
Symptoms: Honey or yellow colored crusting on the mouth that started out as an itchy sore or clump of blisters.
Treatment: Washing the infected area regularly and applying antibiotic ointment. However, if it doesn’t get better or spreads to other parts of the face and body, consult GP for appropriate treatment. Impetigo involves isolating the child from other members of the house and sterilizing the child’s linen, washcloth, towels and toys. Read more on toddler rashesCold sores or Herpes – viral infection
Symptoms: You will find red blisters or cluster of tiny blisters on or around the outer edge of the lips.
Treatment: These usually go away in a couple of days. You can also apply cold sore ointment for comfort. If the sores are painful, give your child an acetaminophen. If it doesn’t seem to be getting better in a couple of days or so, despite the ointment, consult the doctor. But do not pinch, squeeze or try to break any blister as this might spread the infection further.Canker sores – caused by viral infections
Symptoms: small, open and painful sores, usually white or yellowish with a red border. These sores infect the inner lip or cheeks, gums and sometimes even the tongue.
Treatment: These sores also heal by themselves. However to relieve your toddler’s discomfort you can apply oral gel or rinse his mouth with salt water. In case of pain you can give the toddler acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Here too, if there is no improvement in a couple of days consult the doctor.Pappilae – this is where the taste buds are and these get inflamed because of consumption of excessively hot food or drink.
Symptoms: Tiny but painful sores on the tongue.Treatment:
This will go away in a couple of days. In the meanwhile do not feed the child anything hot, acidic or spicy. If the child is in pain, pain killers like ibuprofen can be given.Mucoceles – this happens when the mouth tissue is sucked between the teeth causing small cysts. These cysts are harmless in nature.
Symptoms: You might see slightly bluish fluid filled sacs inside the mouth. These won’t cause any pain.
Treatment: These cysts disappear in a few days. But do not try to break them. If they are broken or if they don’t disappear in two or three days, consult the doctor.Oral thrush – yeast infection in the mouth caused by an overgrowth of fungus
Symptoms: You’ll see whitish patches on the skin inside the mouth. Under the patches you can see red and inflamed skin. These are painful rashes.
Treatment: Usually these will disappear in a couple of days. In the meanwhile, to relieve the pain you can get your toddler to gargle with salt water helps or feed him yogurt. Consult the doctor only if the rashes spread further.Strep throat – bacterial infection
Symptoms: Red and sore throat with white patches on the tonsils.
Treatment: Consult the doctor for medication. Sometimes a pain killer helps as does salt water gargling. Also keep up a healthy dosage of fluids for the toddler.