Pregnancy loss that occurs before the 24th week of gestation is referred to as a miscarriage. It is extremely difficult to accept the loss of one’s own child and most mothers who have experienced this loss are known to suffer from depression and a feeling of guilt. It is not uncommon for fathers to face similar experiences as well. The truth is that most miscarriages are influenced by nature and there is little that can be done to prevent a pregnancy miscarriage .
However, every couple can take a few precautionary measures to reduce the risk of miscarriage right from the moment they decide on trying for a baby. This is when pregnancy planning comes into play. If the mother or father was sick at the time of conception, the mother is weak during pregnancy or the developing baby is unhealthy, a miscarriage may become inevitable. Therefore, before trying to conceive, both parents must visit a gynecologist together to confirm that they are fit to have a baby so as to prevent miscarriage in pregnancy. Medical conditions like hypertension, diabetes and thyroid issues must be brought under control before trying for a baby. The doctor may suggest some medical tests for this purpose. If a deficiency is observed through the tests, supplements may be prescribed. These are usually calcium and iron for bone strength and blood production. The doctor may also prescribe folic acid supplements that help in minimizing congenital defects in the baby, thus reducing the chances of miscarriage caused by genetic abnormalities in the developing baby. The intake of folic acid supplements for three months before conception is advisable so as to ensure that there is no deficiency of the said nutrient as food provides an insufficient quantity of it. A healthy diet must be opted for. This includes an appropriate balance of the various nutrients needed for good health and development of a baby. Green leafy vegetables and fruits are an irreplaceable part of any diet as they are rich sources of vitamins and minerals.
To prevent miscarriage in fetus, progesterone supplements may be prescribed to ensure that the uterine lining is not shed during pregnancy. Overexertion and stress should also be avoided as they have adverse effects on the status of a pregnancy. In addition, the use of intoxicating substances like tobacco, alcohol and recreational drugs must be avoided right through the planning phase to prevent miscarriage in ovulation, as these substances affect the health of the egg and sperm. They must be avoided through the pregnancy term as well so as to prevent pregnancy complications and deformities in the baby.
Regular checkups and tests like ultrasounds as and when recommended by the doctor are also essential, and any irregularities that are observed during the course of a pregnancy should instantly be reported. This often helps in an early diagnosis of risks and action can be taken to prevent a miscarriage in the pregnancy.
Submitted by J on December 2, 2010 at 11:42