Ovulation is the release of matured eggs from your ovary. During ovulation, if the egg does not get fertilized by coming into contact with sperm, it detaches itself from the uterine lining and is released along with the other lining material. This is the periodic menstrual bleeding that every woman undergoes each month. The menstrual cycle happens every 28 days, or 30 days in some women.
The first day of your menstrual period is counted as day one of the menstrual cycle. Periods normally last for five to seven days. Once you near the seventh day of your period, your uterus begin ripening the eggs in order to prepare for the next ovulation cycle.
Ovulation happens fourteen days before the start of the next menstrual cycle, regardless of the length of your periods. So a woman with a 28 day cycle will start ovulating from the fourteenth day and similarly a woman with a 32 day cycle will also start ovulating while she is in her day 14 which is between day 32 and day 14. Your egg stays in your uterus for 24 hours or a day.
You get pregnant when the desired sperm reaches the egg and fertilizes it. Once a sperm fertilizes your egg, your uterus stops producing more eggs and this is why you do not menstruate while you are pregnant. In other words, you do not ovulate during pregnancy.
In very rare and extreme cases, a pregnant woman may ovulate and get pregnant with a second baby. The second baby is born four weeks early and around the same time as the first one.
Pregnancy and ovulation go hand in hand.
Ovulation is the ideal period to get pregnant as the chances of conceiving are very high. You are fertile four to five days before the ovulation period and this fertile phase ends in a day or two after it.
While you are ovulating, there are many changes that your body undergoes and these are visible changes. Your basal body temperature and the texture of the vaginal mucus also change. The mucus becomes slippery, whiter, clear, and stretchy in order to allow the easy penetration of the sperm. You can monitor the changes by getting a sample of cervical secretions from the outer lips of your vagina and stretch it between your thumb and index finger. This consistency test will help you know when you are ovulating. After you finish ovulating, the mucus will become dry and lumpy.