Vitamins & Nutrients - The most Important Elements of a Diet during the Second Trimester of Pregnancy

Submitted by Pregnancy and Baby Care team on August 13, 2012

The second trimester of pregnancy begins, when you enter the fourth month, i.e., at 14 weeks and lasts till the end of the sixth month, i.e., 26 weeks. This period is probably the best time of the entire pregnancy for most women. In the second trimester, morning sickness usually reduces for most women and their appetites return to normal. The food cravings and aversions that a pregnant woman ...

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goes through are very well known. However, it is still important to ensure that your baby receives all the required nutrition, by following a proper pregnancy second trimester diet. This plan can be prepared and customized to your tastes, as well as the baby needs, by a doctor.


A healthy diet plays a vital role in a smooth pregnancy, as well as the baby’s health. Earlier, pregnant women ate whatever they liked, regardless of the amount calories, sugar or fat it contained. It was believed that a woman who was pregnant had to eat enough for two people. However, this thought has now changed, as people have become aware of the ill effects and the complications that can be caused by an unhealthy diet, during pregnancy. Given below are some foods and food groups that are usually a part of the pregnancy second trimester diet:

  • Fiber: This nutrient is very helpful in digestion and helps fight constipation, which is quite common in pregnancy. Foods that are high in Fiber are oatmeal, semolina pasta, beans, unpolished rice and whole wheat products.
  • Fruits and vegetables: It is important to eat about 3 to 5 servings of fresh vegetable and fruits every day, when you are pregnant, in order to get the right amount of vitamins and nutrients. Green leafy vegetables are especially recommended for pregnant women.
  • Dairy products: Milk is high in calcium and drinking 3 to 4 glasses of milk (preferably skim) works wonders for pregnant women. Milk products like cheddar cheese and yogurt are good sources of calcium too.

Pregnancy is not the right time to binge on the foods that you usually avoid, because you are afraid to gain weight. The foods that you consume even during pregnancy will eventually add to your body weight, which may be difficult to get rid of, once the baby is born. The second trimester is indeed the right time for you to try and make up for any nutritional deficiency. These deficiencies can be bridged by the use of supplements as well as following a well mapped second trimester pregnancy diet plan.

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