Infertility Symptoms in Women

There are many causes of female infertility and each cause has its own set of symptoms. These female infertility symptoms may not be physical but could even be signs that point to infertility.

The most common infertility symptoms are menstrual problems (like irregular menstruation), infection, abdominal pain or pain during sexual intercourse, hormonal changes, problems with ovulation, as well as pelvic abnormalities.  Hormonal imbalances could lead to physical symptoms of female infertility. Such female infertility symptoms could be excessive growth of facial hair in women, serious moods swings, oily skin, acne, and so on.


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Secondary infertility

Severe abdominal pain that is not related to one’s periods’ or constant pain could be another symptom that when investigated, could reveal infertility problems.

Menstrual Disorders

Menstrual disorders are one of the most common causes of female infertility and they give rise to many female infertility symptoms. A woman who has either a very long menstrual cycle or a very short cycle will suffer from ovulation problems. One such menstrual disorder or ovulation disorder is anovulation.


Amenorrhea (either primary or secondary) is a condition where a woman’s periods stop due to unexplainable reasons. Secondary amenorrhea is when periods stop after they have begun. Women who suffer from amenorrhea also suffer from anovulation and this leads to infertility problems. Amenorrhea can also result in other problems like PCOS, uterine fibroids and so on.


Dysmenorrhea is commonly referred to as painful periods. There are two kinds of dysmenorrhea, primary and secondary. The latter can lead to dysmenorrheal infertility as it is connected to endometriosis. A blocked fallopian tube, cervical stenosis and fibroids could also lead to dysmenorrhea. Symptoms of dysmenhorrhea include diarrhea, vomiting, pain in the lower back and thighs and so on.

Leucorrhea exception

A woman’s vaginal secretions are known as leucorrhea.

This leucorrhea is generally white in color. However, when the leucorrhea changes color, smells foul, it is known as leucorrhea exception. Leucorrhea exception could lead to infertility if not treated. Women could experience pain in the vulvae, itchiness as well as the above mentioned changes in the leucorrhea when suffering from this.

Abdominal pain

Experiencing abdominal pain could be a symptom of infertility. Severe abdominal pain or pain that is not related to periods could be a sign of infertility. This abdominal pain could be a result of pelvic adhesions. The formation of scar tissue in the fallopian tubes may lead to a blockage and result in abdominal pain.

Spilled milk

One of the causes of infertility is Hyperprolactinemia. Hyperprolactinemia occurs when there are extremely high levels of prolactin in the blood. Symptoms of this include a decrease in menstruation, anovulation, low libido, painful intercourse and so on. Women who are not nursing or not pregnant may produce breast milk. Hence the term spilled milk.

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