What To Expect When You Are 16 Weeks Pregnant

Pregnancy week 16 onwards the baby is preparing to grow rapidly in the weeks to come. During this week of pregnancy the baby is around 4.5 inches in length and weighs in at almost 3 ounces and is relatively stringer and able to hold its head upright. Additionally the pregnancy week 16 ultrasound will reveal that the baby’s ears and eyes are also almost in their final position which hence allows the baby to concentrate on its blood circulation. At pregnancy week 16 the baby will also will also start developing a little hair on the top of its head; however the color of the baby’s eyes and hair may even change within a short time immediately ...


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... after it is born. As the pregnancy progresses the legs of baby start lengthening. At this stage of the pregnancy the baby’s nails are well formed and its movements are more vigorous and coordinated. One of the common pregnancy week 16 symptoms is most mothers feeling a light fluttering within their stomach which could be gas or even the first realization of the movement of the baby in the stomach. These movements are experienced as a light flutter and are commonly known as quickening. However in some women who have an anterior or thick uterus these movements may not be felt till later on in the pregnancy.

16 Weeks Pregnant Symptoms

An increase in the volume of blood during pregnancy may result in stuffy noses and even nosebleed in some cases. During pregnancy week 16, the doctors will conduct several tests to find out the levels of alpha fetoprotein or AFP. In case the levels of AFP in the blood are high then an amniocentesis or ultrasound will have to be conducted as instructed by the medical practitioner. This is to ensure that there are no genetic defects and the baby is overall healthy.

During pregnancy week 16 weight gain in both the mother and child is steady and rapid. In case of the mother weight gain needs to be maintained as excessive pregnancy weight gain may be harmful for both the mother and child. Hence pregnant women should consume plenty of fluids to keep themselves hydrated and fruits and vegetables along with fiber and calcium rich foods. During week 16 of pregnancy there is a high amount of fluid retention and an increased blood flow which results in the pregnant woman’s skin becoming taut and having a natural glow. Pregnancy is one of the most exhilarating experiences in the life of a woman. However, the 40 weeks of pregnancy are not free from challenges owing to the various physical, hormonal and emotional changes that take place in an expectant mother’s body. The first signs of pregnancy - implantation bleeding and abdominal cramping, occur as early as a week after ovulation. It is during this time that a mature egg, fertilized at the time of conception, embeds itself in the uterine lining. However, these symptoms of pregnancy often go unnoticed. The main symptom of pregnancy is the cessation of menstruation caused by the pregnancy hormone hCG. The hormone hCG produced only during pregnancy, by the placenta, is responsible for nausea and vomiting that are commonly seen in pregnant women. These symptoms normally cease by the end of the first trimester. However, it is not uncommon for pregnant women to experience these symptoms throughout the pregnancy term.

Cravings for particular foods or beverages or aversions to specific foods, beverages or odors may also set in during pregnancy. An increase in the production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone are responsible for many 16 weeks pregnant symptoms. The main pregnancy symptoms triggered by hormonal changes are fatigue, insomnia, decreased attention span and mood swings. On the other hand, women are also known to feel excessively sleepy during pregnancy. The most dangerous effect of hormonal surges includes depressive bouts that can prove harmful to the expectant mother and baby alike. 16 weeks pregnant signs also include active breast fullness and breast soreness due to the activated mammary glands triggered by hormonal changes. 16 weeks pregnancy symptoms may also include an increase in the risk of falling ill due to a compromised immune system. Nose bleeds are common during pregnancy due to the inflammation of the mucus membranes in the nose and increased blood supply. An increase in blood circulation also makes veins throughout the body more prominent. As the baby continues to grow a certain amount of pressure is exerted on the ligaments that hold the uterus in place. The increase in weight is known to cause mild cramps in the pelvic region as well as lower back pain. Joint pains are also a common 16 weeks pregnant symptom. Urinary tract infections are also frequently observed 16 weeks pregnant symptoms as a result of the pressure exerted by the expanding uterus on the ureters causing the flow of urine to slow down. This causes an accumulation of microbes leading to the spread of infection. On the other hand, women are known to experience an increase in the urge to urinate as well.

16 Weeks Pregnant Ultrasound

Ultrasound scans and sonograms during pregnancy are becoming more and more popular as they have the ability to disclose the true status of a pregnancy. A 16 weeks pregnant ultrasound is carried out to check if the unborn baby is progressing well within the womb. Ultrasounds can calculate the gestational age of the baby and give accurate measurements of the gestational sac and various parts of the baby. They also pick up the baby’s heart beats. Hence, they are used to confirm if the baby is growing in proportion to the gestation period. A sonogram can also predict the approximate due date based on development. Ultrasounds are also useful in studying the amniotic sac and placenta. They can also ascertain if the fluid content in the amniotic sac is sufficient for the baby. 16 weeks pregnancy ultrasound is also used to check for deformities in the developing baby as well as abnormalities in the pregnancy. Deformities like chromosomal defects and organ malformation or irregularities in the body structure can be revealed by ultrasounds. At times, the pregnancy may not be normal. The discovery of these pregnancy complications helps in deciding upon the steps to be taken with regard to the baby. In women who experience vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, ultrasounds help by tracing the source of the bleeding. In a 16 weeks pregnant 3d, the unborn baby is approximately 100 grams in weight and measures 5 inches from head to rump. The legs and hands are formed and move around with ease. The baby also swims in the amniotic fluid. The chest movements show that the baby has learnt to breathe. However, the head of the baby is still bigger than the rest of the body as the brain develops first. The gender of the baby may be detected at this stage.

16 Weeks Pregnancy Weight Gain

In addition to the hormonal and emotional changes, an expectant mother undergoes several physical changes as well, the most prominent among those being an increase in weight. Weight gain is never a welcomed change. However, with pregnancy, it is inevitable. Women gain anywhere between 25 and 35 pounds through the pregnancy term. This weight gain is spread over the three trimesters with the first trimester seeing the least weight gain. During the pregnancy second trimester most women put on 2 to 3 pounds per month. In most women, 16 weeks pregnant weight gain is not obvious as the increased weight is spread evenly throughout the body. By 16 weeks of pregnancy, weight gain is usually around 5 to 10 pounds from the time of conception. During the 16th week, most expectant mothers gain half a pound to a pound. Excess weight gained during pregnancy is difficult to lose in addition to being harmful to the baby and mother alike. On the other hand, women who do not put on sufficient weight must consume foods to gain weight. Hence, it is important for expectant mothers to keep track of their increasing weight. 16 weeks baby weight gain must be through the consumption of healthy nutritious foods for the benefit of mother and baby alike. Fruits and vegetables are excellent sources of nutrients and are highly recommended during pregnancy. Fish, nuts, wholegrain and poultry are also good sources of nutrition. The intake of folic acid, calcium and iron is especially recommended for the proper growth and development of the baby. In addition to a wholesome diet, sufficient rest and light exercise also play a part to play in a healthy pregnancy. Walks and swims are recommended as they are non-strenuous. Meditation and deep breathing exercises are also advisable.

16 Weeks Pregnant Bleeding

Women are known to experience varying amounts of bleeding during the pregnancy term. 16 weeks vaginal bleeding during pregnancy may or may not be a reason to worry. However, consulting a doctor is imperative to prevent complications. Conception takes place during the fertile window period or ovulatory period which falls in the middle of a menstrual cycle. Roughly a week or so after conception, the fertilized egg makes its way into the uterus to attach itself to the uterine wall. This is called implantation and is usually over by the 5th week. Light bleeding may be experienced at this time. Hence, there is no way that a woman could experience 16 weeks implantation bleeding. After implantation, menstruation stops for the entire term of the pregnancy. Hence, 16 weeks pregnancy period is also unnatural. 16 weeks pregnant bleeding should not be taken lightly as it could be indicative of pregnancy complications that could be hazardous to the wellbeing of the mother or unborn baby. If the bleeding is heavy, it could be an indicator of pregnancy loss.

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