Preschoolers normally display anxiety at times when they have to attend their first day of school, while meeting a stranger, or going to dark places. These are normal cases of anxiety and last for a very short period. However, there are 13 to 15 percent of preschoolers suffering from unusually high levels of anxiety.
Anxiety disorders occur mostly in preschoolers aged between 3 and 7 years. Although they cannot express themselves, they display symptoms of anxiety in their daily routines. Preschoolers with high levels of anxiety characteristically show enormous levels of fear and concern over normal activities which are not appropriate to the situation.
There are certain common symptoms which are clear indications of anxiety disorders in preschoolers. Preschoolers usually feel shy when meeting new people or attending a gathering, which is natural; but displaying great fear is a symptom of an anxiety disorder. Other symptoms include excessive crying when going to school, bed wetting, frequent nightmares, complaining of headaches and stomach aches, low confidence levels, and difficulties in making friends.
Anxiety in mothers during pregnancy could be another reason for anxiety disorders in preschoolers. Separation from their parents or losing one parent, strict teachers in school, apprehension over a change of place or school, and frightful events could be some of the probable causes for anxiety disorders in preschoolers.
There are plenty of anti-anxiety drugs available in the market which include allopathic, homeopathic, and other natural medicines. However, the best way to treat preschoolers with anxiety disorders is to provide them a holistic approach with medicine and continuous attention from parents. Approaching a psychiatrist would be considered good help in comparison to medicines, as most medicines have side effects and can thus cause harm to the child.
A few tips for parents to help fighting anxiety disorder in preschoolers are listed below: