What Are The Signs Of A Molar Pregnancy?

(January 18, 2013)

A molar pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurs when the tissue that is supposed to grow into a baby becomes an abnormal growth in the uterus. A molar pregnancy is caused by chromosomal abnormalities during conception. It is believed to be caused by a problem with the genetic formation of the sperm or egg. There are two types of molar pregnancies: complete and partial.

Partial molar pregnancy:

A partial molar pregnancy occurs when the egg is fertilized by two sperms. In normal circumstances, twins would develop; in this case however, an abnormal placenta and fetus develop. The baby has numerous chromosomes and eventually dies in the uterus.

Complete molar pregnancy:

The sperm fertilizes an empty egg, i.e., it is an egg with no genetic formation. The sperm therefore grows on its own and becomes a lump of tissue. The tissue grows and resembles a cluster of grapes. This cluster of tissue fills the uterus.

Let us now look at some of the signs of a molar pregnancy. The signs and symptoms of molar pregnancy are very similar to the signs and symptoms of a normal pregnancy. The early signs of molar pregnancy are just like the signs of a normal pregnancy. It can cause a missed period and morning sickness.

The signs of a molar pregnancy include:-

  • Severe nausea and vomiting
  • An uncomfortable feeling in the pelvis
  • Bleeding from the vagina – during the first three months of pregnancy
  • Vaginal discharge of tissue shaped like grapes
  • High blood pressure
  • Loose stools
  • Abnormal growth of the uterus
  • Swelling in the feet, hands and legs
  • Signs of hyperthyroidism- this includes feeling tired or nervous, having an irregular or fast heartbeat and sweating a great deal as well
  • Symptoms similar to preeclampsia may occur during the first trimester as well. This is one of the most important signs of molar pregnancy as this preeclampsia rarely occurs in the first trimester in a normal pregnancy

Do not hesitate to contact the doctor immediately if you notice any of the above mentioned signs of molar pregnancy. A molar pregnancy can be diagnosed with an ultrasound. A blood test will show the amount and level of HCG in the serum of the woman concerned. If it is very high, it is indicative of such a pregnancy.

Submitted by N H on January 18, 2013 at 06:26

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